Appeal to Force
(argumentum ad baculum)


    The reader is told that unpleasant consequences will follow if they do not agree with the author.
  1. You had better agree that the new company policy is the best bet if you expect to keep your job.
  2. NAFTA is wrong, and if you don't vote against NAFTA then we will vote you out of office.
    Identify the threat and the proposition and argue that the threat is unrelated to the truth or falsity of the proposition.
    Cedarblom and Paulsen: 151, Copi and Cohen: 103
26 May 1995 / 06 January 1996